A cannabinoid is one of a class of diverse chemical compounds that acts on cannabinoid receptors, also known as the endocannabinoid system in cells that alter neurotransmitter release in the brain.
There are three categories of cannabinoids:
Phytocannabindoids: Found in Cannabis Hemp & Marijuana
Endocannabinoids: Produced naturally in the body by animals
Synthetic Cannabinoids: Manufactured Artificially.
(Not used or sold here)
Cannabidiol (CBD): Is another major constituent of the cannabis plant and most dominant in cannabis hemp plants.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC): The most notable cannabinoid is the phytocannabinoid and the primary psychoactive compound in the cannabis marijuana plant.
The endocannabinoid system within the human body is a naturally forming system that regulates a wide variety of physiological processes, such as mood, memory, and appetite. When a deficiency or other defect occurs, it can often lead to disease.
When cannabis is ingested, cannabinoids immediately bind to the endocannabinoid receptors most commonly found in the brain and immune system. The effects on the human body differ based on the specific receptors to which they bind. CBN, or cannabinol, for instance, fastens specifically to CB-2 receptors. Depending on the ratio of cannabinoids ingested, they will have a different effect on the body.
There are over 100 different cannabinoids isolated from cannabis, exhibiting varied effects.